Therefore, monitoring and managing these physical conditions becomes necessary to ensure a normal delivery . Management consists of both medicines and rehabilitation. Medicines are considered to be the first line of treatment; however, the health care provider needs to take care while prescribing medicines during pregnancy taking into consideration the harmful effects they can have on both – the mother and the foetus. Medicines pass on via the placenta from the mother to the foetus. Hence, before prescribing any medicine the provider should check the possibilities of the medicine causing any congenital defect. You should avoid medicines from the time of conception till the first 10 weeks, as this is the time when the foetus is most prone to the get permanent congenital deformities. Medicines given in the later stages (after 10 weeks) may cause systemic damage. For example NSAIDs (Non Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) may lead to problems during labour or organ defects in the foetus.
Phenylephrine (T-Minic) is a selective alpha agonist, used to increase blood pressure and topically as a nasal decongestant. It is also used in the eye to dilate the pupil or to const
Phenylephrine (T-Minic) indications Phenylephrine (T-Minic) is a selective alpha agonist, used to increase blood pressure and topically as a nasal decongestant. It is also used in the eye to dilate the pupil or to constrict superficial blood vessels in eye allergy. It works by reducing swelling of the blood vessels in the nasal passages.
Phenylephrine (T-Minic) contraindication Contraindicated in patients with increased blood pressure, increase in heart rate, raised eye pressure. It should not be used with a MAO inhibitor.
Phenylephrine (T-Minic) dosage The recommended dose is:
IM- 2 to 5 mg.
IV- to by slow infusion.
PO- 5 to 10mg.
Nasal- Nasal congestion: As -1% solution: Instill/spray 4 hourly as needed.
Ophthalmic- Usually % solution: Instill 1-2 drops в‰¤4 times/day for в‰¤72 hour.
Phenylephrine (T-Minic) usage It comes as a tablet, a liquid, or a dissolving strip to take by mouth. It is also comes as eye drops and nasal solution, instilled over affected area.
Phenylephrine (T-Minic) precautions Do not give Phenylephrine (T-Minic) containing products to children younger than 4 years of age. It may cause serious side effects or cause of death in children.
Do not use Phenylephrine (T-Minic) for longer duration, it may cause rebound congestion in prolonged or excessive use of nasal or eye drops.
Caution should be exercised in patients with history of severe increase in thyroid hormone, severe heart disease, diabetes, prostate enlargement, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Phenylephrine (T-Minic) side effects Skin - Hives, itching, rash, photosensitivity.
Heart - High blood pressure, abnormal heart rhythm.
Central Nervous System - Tremor, irritability, sleeplessness, weakness, nervousness, headache.
EYE - Blurring of vision, stinging or burning sensation in the eye due to eye drops.
Respiratory - Tightness of the chest and wheezing, shortness of breath.
Phenylephrine (T-Minic) warning Instill properly as directed by your physician.
Phenylephrine (T-Minic) storage conditions Refer to the package insert. Some products are stored at room temperature whereas some are stored under refrigeration.